Your nose contributes to taste more than your tongue. Around 80% of taste is actually coming from your smell receptors. Hold your nose when you eat something and you'll see it's 'taste' will not be as strong.
Despite the popular myth, it's impossible to seriously injure somebody by dropping penny from an airplane or a tall building. The penny is not very aerodynamic and it doesn't have enough mass to cause damage (only about 3 grams). The worst it could do is cause a sting on the victim's head.